Container gardening is very popular in urban as city dweller hardly have the garden space. If you don’t have much land, you can quickly start a container garden using pots, tubs or half barrels on your roof or balcony. You container overflowing with flowers not only will add appeal to your home but also it gives you immense pleasure.
You can grow flowers, vegetables or some small trees on the container. Flowers and vegetable container is suitable to keep on the balcony while the fruit plant on the container is suitable to remain on the roof.
Container Gardening – step by step guideline
The incredible part of the container garden is that you can carry your container one place to another place whenever you need.
Step 1: Choose Your Plants
You cannot grow everything in container whatever you want. Big trees are not suitable in the pot while you can build many followers, vegetable and fruit trees.
Lavender, marigold, pansies, foxgloves, daisies, morning glories, orchids, petunias, tulips, zinnia, daffodils, are the appropriate flower plants to grow in the container.
You can consider tomatoes, strawberries, squash, cantaloupe, peppers, carrots, lettuce, chard, potato, beetroot, spinach, radishes, asparagus, and onions, lemons from the vegetables and fruit plants.
Select the plant from above plants you are fond. You need to take consideration of climate and sunlight if your selected plants are suitable with humidity and sunshine they will receive.
Step 2: Select The Container And Pots
You may find various type of container or jars in different sizes made of plastic, wood, and soil.
However, clay containers are attractive, but they are unfortunately breakable by freezing and thronging while cast concrete is long lasting and can be left outside in all weather.
Different plants need different sizes of container. Some plants need great soil for healthy growth, and these type of plants require a big pot.
Big containers hold more soil keeping moist longer. It helps the plants from the rapid temperature fluctuation. You may find some other plants are okay with small container though small hanging pots have the drying out tendency. In summer, you need to water twice in a day to keep your plant alive.
Choose the container which lasts longer and chooses the different color and type of container that will give your garden a vibrant look.
Step 3: Container Drainage
Improper drainage system can be a top number problem in container gardening. If water fails to reach to the root, plants may dry so quickly. Holes for proper drainages are must in a container to help the water to achieve the source and to avoid waterlogging. If there are no holes in the pot, there will be waterlogged which may lead plants to die. Plants need air; they cannot survive a more extended period in flooding. However, making the correct balance between under and over- watering can be hard, but if there are holes in the container, it will help you to meet the goal.
Sometimes you may not find holes in the container, in that case, make some holes by yourself.
Step 4: Preparing Soil
The most important part of container gardening is to develop land with great nutrition. Healthy soil is essential for your container. Mix the fertilizer or compost with the earth.
You can fill the container with land in three steps. Keep stones a few inches of the bottom part of the tank which helps to drain way the overwater. Then fill the pot with potting soil that formulates to remove well in a bowl. Peat, composted bark, sand, perlite, and recycled mushroom compost are standard components of the potting soil. This type of land is a medium in which plants, herbs or vegetables grow in a container.
Mix the fertilizer using hands with the top part of the potting soil. As plotting soil does not have the ready nutrients from a natural intake, it needs a compost.
Step 5: Container Preparation
Set the location for your container before filling it and planting. Vessels become heavy once they are filled with soil, and it turns into hard to relocate them. Keep your jar in such location from where your plants get morning sun and get the shadow when the sun on fire!
Step 6: Water Regularly
Container plants do not get much soil, and containers can dry out very shortly. They need proper watering and care.
Keep your eyes on your plants so that they don’t become dry for the lack of water. In summer, water twice in a day – in the early morning and the evening and keep your eyes on so that you water the soil, not the leaves as wet leaves prone to be affected by fungus and other diseases.
Take care to keep sufficient holes in the bottom for water drainage to avoid waterlog in the pot.
Container plants need sufficient and good drink until water runs out the hole in the container bottom.
But before watering, check the moisture level if your plants need water. You may find top soil dry while you may see the next below stage is still moist. It still moisture exists, do not water.
However, don’t let your soil dry out completely.
Step 7: Fertilize
You should not be stopped after watering to your container plants. Container plants in the open ground may seek additional nutrients to get rid of fungi and bacteria.
Plants in the ground consume available nutrients in the soil around to grow while plants in the container do have the same advantage. Instead, you need to arrange extra nutrients for container plants to keep growing as container plants prone to exhaust nutrient quickly.
To keep your container plant healthy and well grown, you need to fertilize regularly. You can use liquid fertilizer. Compost is always a good choice for any container plant. You can add some liquid fertilizer every time you water the plant.
No matter whether you make your compost or you buy a brand compost from the market, nutrients will be run out in the next six weeks. Organic fertilizer or some chicken manure pellets can give extra boost later on.
Unfortunately even that was not enough for some greedy plants like brassicas or tomatoes. They need regular liquid feed; you can buy liquid feeds or make your own.
Step 8: Keep the garden clean
Always keep the yard clean. It will protect your plant from bacteria and diseases. Remove the faded blooms and dry leaves from the plant. Pruning is good for some plant.